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Learn More About Diabetes

Along these lines, you were determined to have diabetes! Why does living with diabetes get so discouraging? Insulin shots, pharmaceuticals, foot mind, weight administration and the rundown is endless. With a terrible way of life and no opportunity to work out, the quantity of diabetics is expanding each day around the world. Diabetes is the world’s most regular long haul wellbeing issue, with more than 4 million (counting undiscovered) in the UK alone. In this article, we will comprehend the rudiments of diabetes and how it can be overseen.

What is diabetes?

1. Diabetes is an endless issue that happens either when the pancreas does not deliver enough insulin expected to handle the glucose or when the body can’t adequately use the as of now created insulin.

2. Insulin is a hormone (created in the beta cells of Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas) in charge of control of glucose. Hyperglycaemia, or raised glucose, is a typical impact of uncontrolled diabetes and after some time prompts to genuine harm to a number of the body’s frameworks, particularly the nerves and veins.

3. Diabetes is of two sorts:

(i)Type-1/insulin-subordinate diabetes/adolescent onset diabetes

(ii) Type-2/noninsulin – subordinate diabetes mellitus/grown-up onset diabetes

4. Sort – 1: It happens because of the body’s failure to create insulin (the crucial hormone in charge of use of glucose and its change to vitality) as an aftereffect of the immune system decimation of beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It regularly starts in youth, henceforth known as adolescent. Be that as it may, this malady can likewise create in the late 30’s and mid 40’s. Adolescent diabetes can be genetic or a reason for an immune system issue.

5. Type – 2: It is a metabolic disorder characterised by hyperglycemia, (high levels of glucose circulating in the blood) which is a result of insulin resistance/ low production of insulin in the body (cells, fats, and liver do not respond to insulin; thus excess glucose does not get stored in the cells). Increasing inactivity and excessive consumption of junk food have made type-2 diabetes very common at every age.

6. Typical symptoms of Diabetes are Polydipsia (increased thirst), Polyuria (frequent urination), Polyphagia (increased hunger), unexplained and sudden loss of weight, blurring of vision, fatigue and nausea.

How to confirm if you have diabetes?

If one experiences any of the symptoms listed above, a simple blood test for glucose levels can detect the presence of diabetes. If the amount of glucose present in the blood is more than the clinically indicated values, then the test is considered as positive.

Is there a cure?

– A permanent cure for Diabetes Mellitus type-1 is not known. The most common approach for type-1 is insulin therapy. Diet, exercise, and self-monitoring of blood glucose levels can make living with the disease easier.

– Type-2 is treated by primarily controlling the dietary intake and exercises. However, if blood sugar levels are not in control, common medications like metformin and insulin therapy are recommended.

How to manage blood glucose levels?

– Whether you are prescribed oral medications or insulin injections, in the both the cases, you need you keep the sugar levels stable. This involves having five to six small meals (preferably fresh and rich in fibre) to maintain constant glucose levels.

– If you have diabetes, there is no compromise on exercise now. Not only does exercise boost your metabolism but also helps in weight management. Pilates, yoga or cardio, go ahead and keep yourself fit to fight diabetes.

– Irrespective of the type of diabetes you have, the first thing is to keep your glucose levels in check. Self-monitoring aids are of great help if you want to test the glucose levels immediately. Try Caresens blood glucose test strips. These strips are designed for easy use and require only a small sample of blood. No coding required for the test strips and an easy to read display screen helps you find out the glucose levels.

– Foot health is vital with diabetes. Diabetes can reduce the blood supply to your feet and cause a loss of feeling known as peripheral neuropathy. Wash your feet and keep a check for cuts or bruises. If you travel regularly, prefer a footwear which is protective in design.